Oral Oncology

Oral Oncology is the formation of cancer cells in the oral cavity ;mainly occurs at head and neck region. It forms as a primary lesion and metastasis into nasal cavity and neighboring sites. Oral cancer is mainly caused by smoking ,drinking ,chewing tobacco/khat, hereditary, mutation of genes and Human Papilloma Virus. There are several types of oral cancers, but around 90% are squamous cell carcinomas, originating in the tissues that line the mouth and lips. A stage I oral cancer tumor means the primary tumor is 2 cm across or smaller and no cancer cells are present in nearby structures, lymph nodes or distant sites. A stage II oral tumor measures 2–4 cm across and no cancer cells are present in nearby structures, lymph nodes or distant sites. The oral tumor is larger than 4 cm across and no cancer cells are present in nearby structures, lymph nodes or distant sites is stage III. Stage IV is the tumor has invaded deeper areas and/or tissues. Depending on the stage of Oral Cancer the type of surgery is recommended. Tumor is removed through a process called Tumor Resection.